Choy Li Fut is a Chinese martial art.

The system combines the martial arts techniques from various Northern and Southern Chinese kung-fu systems, the powerful arm and hand techniques from the Wu Xing Kung Fu forms from the South, combined with the extended, circular movements, twisting body, and agile footwork that characterizes Northern China's martial arts. Choy Li Fut is an effective self-defense system, particularly noted for defense against multiple attackers. It contains a wide variety of techniques, including long and short range punches, kicks, sweeps and take downs, pressure point attacks, joint locks, and grappling.

Characteristics

Chan Heung 陳享 revised and refined all that he had learned from his teachers and with his disciples, established standardized hand and leg techniques.

Choy Li Fut's hand techniques contain 10 elements:

  • Kum: slapping or pressing palm deflection;
  • Na: shooting arm bridge;
  • Gwa: back fist;
  • So: sweeping;
  • Tsop: yin/yang knuckle strike;
  • Pow: upward power shot;
  • Jong: small upward power shot;
  • Chaw: claw;
  • Bin: swinging power shot;
  • Pei: chopping;
  • Lui Yin: yin/yang fist.

Choy Li Fut's leg techniques contain 6 elements:

  • Chan: bracing;
  • Ding: nailing;
  • Liu Tat: kicking;
  • So: sweeping;
  • Jet: blocking;
  • Au: hooking;
  • Dan: springing.

There are 8 techniques of how the hand and leg techniques are applied:

  • Yin: negative;
  • Yang: positive;
  • Kong: hard;
  • Yau: soft;
  • Hui: false;
  • Shi: real;
  • Tou: stealing;
  • Lau: sneaking.

The stances of Choy Li Fut are similar in height to other martial arts styles, such as Hung Gar, but not as high as those of Wing Chun. This allows the practitioner to move quickly during combat without sacrificing stability and power generation. What is unique to the Choy Li Fut style is sometimes termed "whipping", where the practitioner's upper torso twists to generate more power in executing hand and arm techniques. In other martial art styles, the upper body is less dynamic, placing more emphasis in stability and generation of static power. Other differences include how the practitioner's stance should be while facing their opponent. In the Hung Gar and Wing Chun styles, practitioners hold their torso perpendicular to an opponent, to allow the full use of both arms. In contrast, Choy Li Fut holds the torso at an angle to the opponent to reduce the target area exposed to him, and to allow the practitioner more reach. Front stances in Choy Li Fut have the front bent leg angled in to protect the groin, while other martial arts systems have the front bent leg facing forward.

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.